The Magna Carta Project

I. The copy in the chronicle of Walter of Guisborough: The Chronicle of Walter of Guisborough, ed. H. Rothwell (Camden Society, 89, 1957), pp.162-9.

by Professor David Carpenter

I have placed this first as a printed example of a hybrid version. It has the 1217 preamble but with the king acting on his own spontaneous and free will. In chapter 2 (as in very many examples), the earl is to owe a £100 relief ‘de comitatu integro’ and the baronial relief is put at 100 marks. The writ precipe (chapter 24 in 1225 and 30 in 1217) is called the writ ‘precipe in capite’. The end of the Charter is 1225 not 1217, so the chapter about the destruction of adulterine, that is unauthorized, castles built in the war and the statement that the Charter has been sealed by the legate and William Marshal are omitted. The saving clause is in the 1225 not the 1217 place, the concessions are made in return for the tax, and the king promises to seek nothing to overturn the concessions. The Charter is given by Richard Marsh but the date is not the usual 6 November 1217 but 11 February 1225, the date of the 1225 Charter. (In the surviving engrossments of the 1225 Charter no ‘giver’ is named.) The Charter of the Forest which follows (pp.169-73) has the same characteristics, but ends, as do none of the engrossments, with it being witnessed by the king. This copy is late thirteenth century.

The Copies of Magna Carta